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Tuesday, April 24, 2007

Arunachal Pradesh


Capital : Itanagar
Principal Language : Nyishi, Dafla, Miji, Adi Gallong, Wancho, Tagin, Hill Miri, Mishmi, Monpa, Nocte, Aka, Tangsa and Khamti.
Largest City : Itanagar
Establishment : 1987-02-20

Districts :

Changlang | East Kameng | East Siang | Kurung Kumey | Lohit | Lower Dibang Valley | Lower Subansiri | Papumpare | Tawang | Tirap | Upper Dibang Valley | Upper Subansiri | Upper Siang | West Kameng | West Siang

Major Cities :

Along | Daporijo | Naharlagun | Pasighat | Seppa | Tezu

Geography :

Bordered by China on the north, Myanmar on the east, Assam on the south, and Bhutan on the west, Arunachal Pradesh is a meagerly populated state in the mountains of India's far northeast. Considering the state's location relative to the Himalayas, it is not surprising that Arunachal Pradesh's terrain is full of deep valleys rising to steep mountains. Carving into this majestic terrain are the state's major river the Brahmaputra (or the Siang) and its tributaries.

Important Cities - Towns and Religious - Tourist Place :

Along, Anini, Bhismaknagar (archaeological sites), Bomdila, Changlong, Daporijo, Itanagar (with excavated ruins of historical Ita Fort and attractive Ganga Lake), Khonsa, Pasighat, Seppa, Malinithan (archaeological sites), Namdapha (wildlife sanctuary in Changlang district), Pareaswaramkund (place of Pilgrimage), Tawang (and nearby largest Buddhist monastery in India), Tezu, Ziro.

Climate :

Arunachal Pradesh's weather is influenced greatly by the Himalayan Mountains and the dramatic variations in altitude across the state. Lower altitudes experience hot and humid climates, creating dense swamp forests in the valleys. Higher altitudes are subject to extremely cold weather. Arunachal Pradesh is also one of India's rainiest states, receiving more than 135 inches a year. Winter months bring average temperatures in the 60s (15C - 21C), the monsoon pushes temperatures into the 70s (22 C - 33 C), and the summer months can sometimes push temperatures well over 100F (37C).

Location :

Bounded by Bhutan to the west, China to the north-east, Myanmar (Burma) to the cast and the plains of Assam to the south, Arunachal Pradesh is the home of more than 20 major tribes and acknowledged to be one of the most splendid, Variegated and multilingual tribal areas of the world.



Culture :

The state's population is made up of over 26 different tribes and many more sub-tribes such as the Adi of central Arunachal Pradesh, the Mishmi in the hills of the northeast, and the Wancho, Nocte, and Tangsa of the southeast. These tribes each have their own customs, traditions, dress, and language. In fact, Arunachal Pradesh houses over 50 distinct languages and dialects, mostly of the Sino-Tibetan language family. So Assamese, Hindi, and English are used as unifying languages for the state. In reflection of its location and history, the food of Arunachal Pradesh is varied. Typical vegetarian and non-vegetarian foods from all Indian regions are widely available. Chinese food is also common. A specialty of the area is the apong, a local drink made from rice or mallet.

History :

The modern history of Arunachal Pradesh begins with the establishment of the British-rule in Assam by the treaty of Yandaboo concluded in 1826. Arunachal Pradesh acquired an identity of its own for the first time in 1914, when some tribal Lakhimpur districts of the province of Assam to form the North East Frontier Tract. The North East Frontier Tract was further sub-divided into the Balipara Frontier Tract, Lakhimpur Frontier Tract, Sadiya Frontier Tract and the Tirap Frontier Tract during various stages of evolution between with the Naga Tribal area, Were Collectively renamed the North East Frontier Agency (NEFA) in 1951. In 1954, the NEFA was reconstituted into the Kameng Frontier Division, Lohit Frontier Division and Tuensang Frontier Division. The Tuensang Frontier Division was separated from NEFA in 1957 and merged with the newly constituted Nag Hills-Tuensang Area which now forms the State of Nagaland. Later, five Frontier divisions of the territory became the five original districts. Arunachal Pradesh acquired an independent political status in 1972, when it was upgraded as Union Territory. It became a full-fledged as Union Territory. It become on February 20, 1987.

Economy :

For about 35 percent of the population of Arunachal Pradesh, agriculture is the main occupation. Seventeen percent of total cultivated area is under irrigation. Rice, maize, millets, pulses, potatoes, Wheat and mustard are the important crops. About 62 percent of the total area of the State is under forests. The principal industries of the State are forest-based. Besides handloom and handicraft industries, saw mills, fruit preservation units, soap and candle manufacturing, steel fabricatio0n, oil expellers are in the medium and small industrial sectors. The State has reserves of focal and crude oil. Deposits of dolomite ore, limestone, copper ore have also been reported

States and Union Territories of India

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