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Sunday, May 13, 2007

National Symbols


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National Emblem   National Flag    National Animal - Tiger

   National Bird - Peacock    National Flower - Lotus

   National Tree - Banyan    National Fruit - Mango

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National Anthem      National Song      National Game

Official Name - Republic of India

Population - 1027 million (2001 Census)

Area - 3.3 million square kilometers

Geographical Location - Lies between latitudes 8 ° 4' and 37 ° 6 ' north and longitudes 68 ° 7 ' and 97 ° 25' east

Coastline length - 7,600 km

Languages - 17 major languages, 844 dialects

Major religions - Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism

National anthem - Jan gana mana written by Rabindranath Tagore

National emblem - Replica of the Lion Capital of Sarnath

National flag - Horizontal tricolor in equal proportion of deep saffron on the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom. In the center of the white band is a wheel in navy blue colour.

National animal - Tiger, Panthera tigris

National bird - Peacock

National flower - Lotus

National tree - Banyan

National fruit - Mango

National currency - Rupees (One Rupees=100 paise)
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Political structure
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India - Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic

The Indian Union - 28 States and seven centrally administered Union Territories

Form of government - Parliamentary, based on universal adult franchise

Legislature - Parliament, consists of President and the two Houses, known as Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and Lok Sabha (House of the People )

Executive - Consists of President, Vice-President and Council of Ministers led by the Prime Minister

Judiciary - Independent of executive


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