Freedom Fighters of India
Name : Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
Date of birth : 1890
Date of Death : Jan 20, 1988
Place of birth : Charsadda
Place of death : Peshawar, Pakistan
Movement: Indian Independence Movement
He was born in 1890 at Charsadda, North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) into an important Pashtun family. He played a major political role in the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) of the Indian British empire (now part of Pakistan). In the 1920s he joined the Indian National Congress, leading the provincial branch of the party in the Pashtun areas. As a member of the central executive committee of the Congress, he was jailed several times by the British.
In 1947 he opposed the partition of the Indian subcontinent into two different states (Pakistan and India). After the creation of Pakistan (1947), he became a member of the Pakistani National Assembly, but was later imprisoned and then expelled (1958) from Pakistan to Afghanistan because of his nationalistic radicalism. He struggled for the survival of the traditional way of life of the Pashtuns (who are the majority ethnic group in Afghanistan) and for their political reunification in a single state, called Pashtunistan. In 1970 he returned to Pakistan, having softened his political stance. He died at Peshawar, Pakistan, on 20 January 1988.
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