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Monday, December 31, 2007

Rajendra Prasad


Rajendra Prasad


Name : Rajendra Prasad
1st President of India
In office January 26, 1950 – May 13 1962
Date of birth : December 3, 1884
Date of Death : February 28, 1963
Place of birth : Saran District, Bihar, India
Place of death :
Nationality: Indian
Gender: Male
Spouse : Rajvanshi Devi
Father : Mahadev Sahai
Mother : Kamleshwari Devi

Rajendra Prasad (1884-1963) was an Indian nationalist and first president of the Republic of India. He was an important leader of the Indian National Congress and a close coworker of Gandhi.

Rajendra Prasad was born in Zeradei, Siwan district, Bihar State,India, December 3, 1884. His father, Mahadev Sahai, was a Persian and Sanskrit language scholar; his mother, Kamleshwari Devi, was a devout lady who would tell stories from the Ramayana to her son. At the age of five, the young Rajendra Prasad was sent to a Maulavi for learning Persian. He received his early education in Bihar and then attended Presidency College, Calcutta. The Swadeshi movement and particularly the Dawn Society influenced him to become a nationalist. He continued his education, earned advanced degrees in law, and practiced law in Calcutta and then in Patna.

In 1917 he began working with Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi , and in 1920 he joined the Indian National Congress and was several times (1934, 1939, 1947–1948) its president. He was imprisoned (1942–45) for supporting the Congress opposition to the British war effort in World War II. Rajendra Prasad became president of India in 1950, when the republic of India was proclaimed, and held that office until 1962. He died on 28 February 1963 at Sadaqat ashram, Patna.

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