Name : Muhammad Iqbal
Date of birth : November 9, 1877
Date of Death : April 21, 1938 (aged 60)
Place of birth : Sialkot, (now in Pakistan)
Place of death : Lahore, (now in Pakistan)
Sir Muhammad Iqbal was an Indian Muslim poet, philosopher and politician born in Sialkot (now in Pakistan), whose poetry in Urdu and Persian is considered to be among the greatest of the modern era, and whose vision of an independent state for the Muslims of British India was to inspire the creation of Pakistan.
Muhammad Iqbal was born in Sialkot, Punjab, probably in 1877. He graduated from Government College, Lahore, in 1899 with a master's degree in philosophy. When he was studying for his doctorate at Cambridge University, visiting German universities, and qualifying as a barrister.
He was elected (1927) to the Punjab provincial legislature and served (1930) as president of the Muslim League. A staunch advocate of Indian nationalism, he became a supporter of an independent homeland for India's Muslims, though within an Indian federation and not as a separate nation. He is regarded by many as the spiritual founder of Pakistan, and the anniversary of his death (April 21) is a national holiday in Pakistan. Iqbal was the foremost Muslim thinker of his period, and in his many volumes of poetry (written in Urdu and Persian) and essays, His works include The Secrets of the Self (1915, tr. 1940), and Javid-nama (1934, tr. 1966). He died in Lahore on April 21, 1938.
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