‘Great Poet and Philosopher’
Name : Rabindranath Tagore
Date of birth : May 7, 1861
Date of Death : Aug 7, 1941
Place of birth : Calcutta, India
Place of death : Calcutta, India
Father : Debendranath Tagore
Mother : Sarada Devi
Grandfather : Dwarkanath Tagore
Field : literature, Music, Philosophy,dramatics
Famous works : Gitanjali, Jana Gana Mana, Ghare-Baire
Awards : Nobel Prize for Literature, 1913
Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) was born in Calcutta and studied in London, and became one of the best known international figures of the intellectual world in the first decades of the 20th century. He won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1913.
Rabindranath Tagore is one of our country’s most distinguished and respected men of letters. Tagore was a poet,novelist, playwright, painter, philosopher, educationist, freedom fighter and an actor.
Tagore also wanted to evolve a world culture, a synthesis of eastern and western values, and towards this end he also founded an international educational institute Shantiniketan at Bolepur in West Bengal in 1901. Shantiniketan later developed in to the Vishvabharati University.
Tagore was a voluminous writer. Besides the famous ‘Gitanjali’, his other well-known poetic works include ‘Sonar Tari, Puravi, The Cycle of the Spring, The Evening Songs and The Morning Songs’. The names of some of his well-known novels are: ‘Gora, The Wreck, Raja Rani, Muktadhara, Raj Rishi, Ghare Baire, Nauka Dubi and Binodoni’. ‘Chitra’ is famous play in verse. ‘Kabuli Wallah’ and ‘Kshudita Pashan’ are two of his famous stories. All of us know that our National Anthem ‘Jana Gana Mana…’ was composed by Tagore.
His father’s name was Devendranath. The British Government honoured him with the title of ‘Sir’. But he returned this title in 1919, in protest against the Jallianwala Bagh tragedy.
This great son of India died on 8 August 1941 at the age of 80.
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