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Monday, January 7, 2008

Subhas Chandra Bose




Subhas Chandra Bose


Name : Subhas Chandra Bose
Date of birth : January 23, 1897
Date of Death : August 18, 1945
Place of birth : Cuttack, Orissa, India
Place of death : Taihoku,Taiwan
Nationality: Indian
Gender: Male
Spouse : Emilie Schenkl
Father : Janakinath Bose
Mother : Prabhavati Bose
Movement : Indian Independence Movement

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose occupies a unique position in the history of India’s struggle for independence. Though a member of the Congress Bose took a different path in his struggle for Indian independence.

Subhas Chandra Bose, (1897 – 1945), Indian nationalist also known as Netaji, was one of the most prominent and highly respected leaders of the Indian Independence Movement. Subhas Chandra Bose was born in 1897 into a wealthy family in Cuttack, Orissa. His father, Janakinath Bose, was a public prosecutor who believed in orthodox nationalism, and later became a member of the Bengal Legislative Council. After completing his studies in India, he went ot England to appear for the Indian Civil Services Examination. He cleared the examination and returned to India. But because of his patriotism, he gave up the ICS and joined the struggle for freedom. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose occupies a unique position in the history of India’s struggle for independence. Though a member of the Congress Bose took a different path in his struggle for Indian independence.

He began his political career in Calcutta and soon became the leader of the left wing of the Indian National Congress. Bose was elected president of the Indian National Congress in 1938–39 but resigned from the post following ideological conflicts with Mahatma Gandhi. Bose believed that Mahatma Gandhi's tactics of non-violence would never be sufficient to secure India's independence, and advocated violent resistance. He established a separate political party, the All India Forward Bloc and continued to call for the full and immediate independence of India from British rule. He was imprisoned by the British authorities eleven times. He escaped (1941) and fled to Germany. In 1943 he headed in Singapore a Japanese-sponsored “provisional government of India” and organized an “Indian national army.” Although sympathetic to totalitarianism, his collaboration was principally directed toward freeing India from British rule and the establishment of an independent regime. He is believed to have died on 18 August 1945 in a plane crash over Taiwan. However, contradictory evidence exists regarding his death in the accident.

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